Recently, Sichuan security company launched a series of studies on security. One of the University's public security professors explained to us the knowledge of the existence of the relationship between public police and non public policing. The main contents are as follows:
从不同的角度证明保安工作也是警务工作的重要范畴，前提是警务工作不局限于警察的工作。但这并非说保安工作与警察工作是等同的，实际上，警察工作与保安的工作还是有比较大的、明显的区别。因此在国外的学术研究中，把警察的工作称之为公共警务，而把保安的工作称之为私人警务（亦可理解为非公共警务，或社会化的警务）。既然是两种不同的警务，需要讨论的问题一是两者之间的区别，二是两者之关系。关于两者之间的区别，实际上无需再做过多的论述，因为对警察的投入来自于政府，而政府的投入来自于纳税人，因此警察的服务对象是面向所有公民的，警察的工作要对政府和人民群众负责，要对国家制定的法律负责，而保安人员的投入来自于委托人，因此保安工作要向委托人负责，服务对象有特定的领域、特定的日标，理论上保安工作并没有责任向不特定的多数人负责。但两者的关系就存在多种选择。在国外，关于这种关系模式 有过更具体讨论。有人认为，保安人员与警察可以成为一种工作合作伙伴关系，工作上积极的合作与相互补充，有利于形成警务大家庭的格局，共同承担 维护社会公共安全与公共秩序的使命，但在另一方面，也有人认为，保安人员也可以成为在警察控制之下的一种社会力量。私人警务和公共警务虽然可以互为补充，但私人警务充当的是一种小伙伴的角色，小字辈的身份保证了国家对警务职能主权的垄断，形成在警察一元化的控制体系之下的大警务格局，私人警务只是在警察控制之下的一种小警务。这种大警务与小警务的结构格局的结果可能会对一个国家公民的民主权利构成威胁。
From different angles, it is proved that security work is also an important part of police work. The premise is that policing is not limited to the work of the police. But this does not mean that security work is equivalent to police work. In fact, there is a big difference between police work and security work. Therefore, in the academic research abroad, the work of the police is called public policing, and the work of the security is called the private police service (it can also be understood as non public policing or socialized police service). Since there are two different kinds of policing, the first issue to be discussed is the difference between the two, and the two is the relationship between them. In fact, there is no more discussion about the difference between the two, because the input from the police comes from the government, and the government's input comes from the taxpayers, so the object of the police service is to all citizens, the work of the police is responsible to the government and the people, and is responsible for the law made by the state, and the government is responsible for the law. The investment of the security staff comes from the client, so the security work should be responsible to the client. The service object has a specific field and a specific day standard. In theory, the security work is not responsible to the unspecific majority. But the relationship between the two has a variety of choices. In foreign countries, this relationship pattern has been discussed more specifically. Some people believe that the security personnel and the police can become a working partnership, and work actively to cooperate and complement each other. It is conducive to the formation of the pattern of the police family and the mission of maintaining social and public security and public order together. On the other hand, it is also believed that the security personnel can be in the same way. A social force under the control of the police. Private policing and public policing can complement each other, but private policing acts as a small partner. The identity of the small generation ensures the state's monopoly on the sovereignty of police functions and forms a large police structure under the centralized control system of the police. Private policing is only a small policing under the control of the police. . The result of this big policing and the structure of small policing may pose a threat to the democratic rights of citizens of a country.
在我国，受长期以来文化传统的影响，使人们认为保安就是公安机关的一部分。在以前有关保安业的政策规章表述中，也把保安作为在公安机关领导管理之下的一种社会力量，这种思维的惯性和众口一说的现象，值得在学术上开展进一步的讨论。特别是在党的十七大报告中提出“坚定不移发展社会主义民主政治，”“要健全党委领导、政府负责、社会协同，公众参与的社会管理体制”的大背景下，如何更好地处理好政 府与市场、政府与企业、政府与社会之 间的关系，如何更好地利用维护社会治安的社会资源，如何更好地培育保安业发展，以形成维护社会治安的有效的社 会参与机制，有必要展开更为广泛与充分的讨论。
In our country, influenced by cultural tradition for a long time, security is considered as a part of public security organs. In the previous policies and regulations concerning the security industry, security was also regarded as a social force under the leadership and management of the public security organs. The inertia of the thought and the phenomenon of the common mouth of the public should be further discussed in the academic field. Especially in the report of the Seventeenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, "unswervingly develop socialist democracy," "how to better deal with the relationship between government and the market, government and enterprise, government and society, to improve the leadership of the Party committee, the responsibility of the government, the social coordination and the public participation in the social management system". It is necessary to carry out a more extensive and full discussion on how to better utilize the social resources of the public security and how to better cultivate the development of the security industry so as to form an effective social participation mechanism for maintaining social security.